NICOLAE TESTEMITANU STATE UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY
OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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Syllabuses and samples of tests for entrance examination

“Nicolae Testemitanu” State University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Syllabus for entrance examination. Physics


1. Kinematics.
• Relativity of mechanical motion.
• Uniform rectilinear motion. Speed. The law of uniform rectilinear motion.
• Rectilinear uniformly varied motion. Acceleration. The law of rectilinear uniformly varied motion. Motion of bodies on the vertical.
• Curvilinear motion. Uniform circular motion. Angular speed. Centripetal acceleration.
Ex. The speed during uniform rectilinear motion is a constant vector quantity equal to:
a) multiplication product between a physical body motion in an interval and dimensions of that interval;
b) multiplication product between a physical body distance in an interval and dimensions of that interval;
c) the ratio between an interval and physical body motion in that interval;
d) the ratio between a physical body motion and the interval in which the motion has been performed;
e) none of above mentioned is true.
2. Dynamics.
• Interactions. Forces in nature.
• Principles (laws) of dynamics.
• Motion of bodies under the forces of gravity, elasticity and friction.
• The Hooke's law. Laws of friction.
Ex. Elasticity force appears:
a) only by stretching;
b) only by compression;
c) only by bending;
d) only by twisting; e) none of above mentioned is true.
3. Mechanical work and energy. Mechanical impulse. Mechanical balance.
• Mechanical work. Force. Kinetic energy. Potential energy. The law of transformation and conservation of mechanical energy.
• Mechanical impulse. The law of conservation of mechanical impulse for isolated system of bodies.
• Mechanical balance.
• Mechanical balance in the gravitational field.
Ex. The force is a physic measure equal to:
a) the ratio between force and time of its action;
b) the multiplication product of the work done and time while it has been done;
c) the ratio between the work done and time while it has been done;
d) the ratio between the force which acts on a physical body and his speed; e) none of above mentioned is true.

4. Mechanical oscillations and waves.
• Mechanical oscillations. Oscillatory motion. Harmonic oscillator. Elastic pendulum. Gravitational pendulum. Power of harmonic oscillator. Conservation of mechanical power in oscillation motion.
• Mechanical waves. Transverse and longitudinal waves. Features of waves.
• Reflection and refraction of waves.
• Interference of mechanical waves. Diffraction of mechanical waves.
Ex. To have a total reflection at the passage of light in a medium with refractive index n1 to a medium with refractive index n2, it is necessary that:
a) n1 = n2; d) n1 < n2;
b) n1 = 1; e) n1 ≠ n2.
c) n1 > n2;
5. Thermodynamics and molecular physics.
• Thermodynamic system. Thermodynamic system state. State parameters. The pattern "ideal gas".
Fundamental formula of kinetic-molecular theory (without deduction). Temperature. The equation of state of ideal gas. Simple transformations of an ideal gas.
• Internal energy of mono-atomic ideal gas.
• Thermodynamic work and the amount of heat.
• First law of thermodynamics.
• Thermal engines. Environmental Pollution. Ex. Mendeleev-Clapeyron equation for an arbitrary mass of ideal gas is expressed by the following formula: a) PV= vRT; b) PV= RT; c) PV= mRT/M; d) PV= MRT/m; e) PV= MRT.
6. Electrostatics.
• The electric field and its characteristics. Coulomb's Law.
• The work of electric field in moving of a load point. Voltage.
• Conductors and dielectrics in electrostatic field.
• Electrical capacity. Capacitor plan.
• Energy of the electrostatic field. Ex. Coulomb’s Law is expressed by the following formula: a) F= km1m2/r2; b) F= kq1q2/r; c) F= q1q2k/r2; d) F= kq/ r2; e) F= kq1q2r2.
7. Electrokinetics. Electric current in different environments.
• Stationary Electric current. Ohm's Laws for a circuit portion and a whole (simple) circuit.
• Environment conductors of electric current.
• Electric current in semiconductors. P-n junction. Applications of semiconductors.

Ex. Which of the following formulas do not refer to the parallel connection of conductors?
a) 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2;
b) R = R1R2/R1+R2;
c) U1/U2 = R1/R2;
d) I = I1 + I2;
e) I = I1 = I2.
8. Electromagnetism.
• The magnetic field of the electric current. The magnetic induction.
• Action of magnetic field on moving electrical charge carriers. Lorentz force law.
• Magnetic flux. Electromagnetic induction. The law of electromagnetic induction. Lenz's law. Ex. Lorentz force appears only if: a) positive electric charge is moving in a magnetic field; b) electric charge is moving in a homogeneous magnetic field; c) electric charge has a perpendicular velocity on field lines; d) electric charge which is moving is composed of electrons;
e) none of above mentioned is true.
9. Alternating current.
• Alternating current. Generating of alternative electromotive voltage by means of electromagnetic induction. The actual values of current intensity and alternative voltage.
• Production and transportation of electrical power. Alternating electric current generator. The transformer. Ex. Potential difference among two points is equal to 1 V, if: a) during the movement of an electric charge with 1 C from a point to another, the intensity of electric field decreases with a unit; b) during the movement of an electric charge with 1 C from a point to another, the electric field performs an activity of 1 J in 1 s; c) during the intensity of a power with 1 A, an electric charge of 1 C goes through a cross section of a conductor;
10. Electromagnetic oscillations and waves.
• Oscillating circuit. Electromagnetic waves propagation. Classification of electromagnetic waves. Principles of radiocommunication. Radiolocation.
• Optic waves. The evolution of concepts about the nature of light.
• Electromagnetic nature of light. Interference of light. Diffraction of light. Diffraction pattern.
• The types of radiation.
Ex. Diffraction of light:
a) explains the bypassing by the light of the obstacles when their size are comparable to the wavelength used;
b) can be highlighted only for the visible spectrum radiation;
c) is the decomposition of the white light into colors of the spectrum;
d) is the variation of refractive index with wavelength;
e) none of above mentioned is true.
11. Elements of quantum physics.
• External photoelectric effect. Photoelectric cells.
• The concept of quantum of energy. Photon.

Ex. A photon possesses energy equal to 6∙10-19 J. What’s the impulse of that photon? (c=3∙108 m/s) a) 2∙10-27 kg∙m/s; b) 3∙10-27 kg∙m/s; c) 3∙10-26 kg∙m/s; d) 2∙10-26 kg∙m/s; e) 2∙10-28 kg∙m/s.
12. Elements of physics of the atom and atomic nucleus.
• Models of atoms. Rutherford's experiment. Types of spectra.
• Bohr's postulates.
• The atomic nucleus. The constituents of the atomic nucleus. Isotopes.
• Radioactivity.
• Nuclear reactions. Laws of conservation in nuclear reactions.
• Fission and fusion of nuclei.
Ex. Which of the following statements about Bohr's postulates are incorrect?
a) the light radiation occurs at the atomic transition from a stationary state with lower energy into a stationary state with higher energy;
b) the energy of the radiated photon is equal to the energy difference of the stationary states;
c) Bohr's first postulate is in contradiction with the classical mechanics;
d) the first postulate contradicts also Maxwell's electrodynamics;
e) none of above mentioned is true. 


“Nicolae Testemitanu” State University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Syllabus for entrance examination. Chemistry
INTRODUCTION


The knowledge of chemistry is necessary to find out the basic concepts regarding structure and function of inorganic and organic substances and the action mechanism of those substances, as well as for further study of Bioorganic chemistry and Biochemistry courses, which are included in the curriculum of our University. The chemistry course leads to the foundation of knowledge about the lows governing chemical behavior of the most important classes of natural organic compounds, establishing the reciprocal connection between the structure, reactivity and biological and chemical function.
The curriculum of the General Chemistry and Organic Chemistry courses includes structure, isomerism, classification and nomenclature of inorganic and organic compounds.
The primary aim of the program:
 To give the pupils an opportunity to understand the requirements which are necessary for examination on Chemistry and for future successful completion of the Bioorganic Chemistry and Biochemistry courses in the State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu"
Part I
General Chemistry
FUNDAMENTAL CHEMICAL LAWS. STRUCTURE OF MOLECULES. DALTON ATOMIC THEORY. THE PERIODIC TABLE OF D. MENDELEEV. HYBRIDIZATION OF ELECTRONS AND DIFFERENT CHEMICAL BONDS
1. Fundamental Chemical Laws (law of conservation of mass, the law of the constant composition of compounds).
2. Daltons Atomic Theory: each element is made up of tiny particles called atoms, the atom of identical element are identical, combining of atoms gives chemical compound, reorganization of the atoms in chemical reactions.
3. The modern View of Atomic Structure. Subatomic Particles: electrons, protons, neutrons. The Nucleus and the Atom.
4. Atomic Number, Mass Number, and Isotopes. Elemental Symbols.
5. Molecules and ions: cations and anions. Formulas of Ionic Compounds. Names of Ionic Compounds. The nature of Acids and Bases. The pH scale. Base properties of Salts and Oxides.
6. Weights of Atoms, Molecules, and Ionic Compounds. Formula Weight. Percent Composition. The Mole. Avogadro’s hypothesis about the volumes of different gases, which contain the same number of particles. Practice in Balancing Equations. Stoichiometry and the Balanced Equation. The Mole. Ratio. Mole – Mole Stoichiometry Problems. Mass – Mass Stoichiometry Problems.
7. The Periodic Table of the Elements (D. Mendeleev): different various of the Periodic Table. The Periodic Law.
8. Distribution of elements into vertical columns, or Goups and horizontal rows Periods. Electron configuration and the Periodic Table. To describe the shapes of orbitals designated by s, p, d, and f.
9. To show general trends in ionization energy, electron affinity, and atomic radius in the periodic table. To know the most chemically reactive metals which are found on the lower left hand portion of the table, where the ionization energies are smallest and nonmetals, which found on the right side of the table, and have the ability to gain electrons to form anions. Electronegativity.
10. Naming compounds. To demonstrate how to name compounds given their formulas, and to write formulas given their names.
11. The Chemical Bond. Ionic Bonds. Covalent Bonds. Polar Covalent Bond. Oxidation Number.
12. Molecular Geometries. Multiple Bonds and Hybrid Orbitals.
13. Solutions. Dilute and concentrated solutions. Percent Concentration. Molarity. Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes.
14. Different types of Chemical Reactions. Acid – Base Reactions. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. Reactions of Substitution. Reactions of joining,. Reactions of disintegration. Chemical Equilibrium and Le Chateller s Principle.
15. Acids and Bases. Sulfuric Acid. Hydrochloric Acid. Nitric Acid. Phosphoric Acid. Acetic Acid. Carbonic Acid. Sodium Hydroxide. Ammonia. Amphoterism. The pH scale.


Part II
Inorganic Chemistry
STRUCTURE AND CHEMICAL ABILITY OF INORGANIC COMPOUNDS



1. Reactions of alkali metals with water. The oxides and hydroxides of alkali metals. Production and uses of hydrogen.
2. General chemical properties of the alkaline earth metals.
3. Chemistry of carbon and carbon oxides. Nonmetals: nitrogen and phosphorus. Ammonia, the most important nitrogen hydride. Nitric acid HNO3 is an important strong acid. Phosphorus exists in three elemental forms. Oxide of phosphorus. Phosphoric acid H3PO4.
4. Oxygen O2 and O3. Sulfur oxides. Sulfuric Acid.
5. The group of halogens. Halides HX strong acid in water.
6. General properties of Transition metals. To introduce the 3d and 4d transition series.
Part III
STRUCTURE AND CHEMICAL ABILITY OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
1. Space structure of organic compounds. The fundamental thesis of stereochemistry – configuration of carbon atom and conformation of carbon atoms’ chain.
2. Alkanes – Saturated Hydrocarbons. Nomenclature of Alkanes. Reactions of Alkanes: Oxidation, Halogenations. Conformation of open chains (ethane, n-butane). Isomers of Alkanes.
3. Types of Unsaturated Hydrocarbons. Nomenclature of .Alkenes and Alkynes. Reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes. Stereoisomerism of organic compounds. Optical activity. Compounds with double bonds. Addition Reactions of Alkenes. Polymerization of Alkenes.
4. Conformation of cyclic compounds. Nomenclature of Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Benzene.
5. Hydrocarbon Derivatives. Alcohols. Common Alcohols. Methanol. Ethanol. Reactions of Alkohols: Reaction with Active Metals. Substitution Reactions. Oxidation of Alcohols. Formation of Esters. Phenols.
6. Aldehydes and Ketones. Reduction of Carbonyl Compounds. Addition of Water.
7. Carboxilic Acids and Esters. Nomenclature of Carboxilic Acids. Formic Acid. Acetic Acid. Propionic Acid. Nomenclature of Esters. Hydrolisis of Esters. Saponification of Esters.
8. Conjugate system with open chain; diene 1.3 (butadiene, izoprene). Aromatization of benzene compounds (benzene) and heterocyclic one’s (pyrrole, pyridine, purine).
9. Amines. Basicity of Amines.
10. Biological compounds: Lipids, Proteins, Carbohydrates.
11. Hydrolysable lipids. Glycerides. Fatty acids (palmitic, stearic).
12. Alfa-aminoacids that compose protein chain. Structure, classification and nomenclature of aminoacids. Acido-bases, properties of aminoacids.
13. Peptides stabilization of first structure. Composition and structure of proteins. Hydrolysis of proteins.
14. Classification and nomenclature of Carbohydrates. Glucose: typical monosaccharide. Structure of glucose.

Samples of tests. Chemistry
1. In polar covalent bonds, valence electrons are:
A. equally shared
B. unequally shared
C. transferred
D. destroyed
E. not shared
2. The nucleus of most atoms is made up of:
A. protons and electrons
B. protons and neutrons
C. neutrons and electrons
D. only protons
E. only neutrons
3. The most active metals are located in the:
A. lower left hand corner of the periodic table
B. upper left hand corner of the periodic table
C. lower right hand corner of the periodic table
D. upper right hand corner of the periodic table
E. central part of the periodic table
4. When the synthesis reaction for iron(III) oxide Fe + O2 --> Fe2O3 is balanced, the coefficient on elemental iron is:
A. 5
B. 4
C. 3
D. 2
E. 1
5. Which statement is true?
A. Acids are nonelectrolytes. Bases are electrolytes.
B. Acids and bases are electrolytes.
C. Acids are electrolytes. Bases are nonelectrolytes.
D. Acids and bases are nonelectrolytes.
E. Acids and bases can form ions.
6. Calculate the concentration of the following solution in units of percent composition: 25 grams of KCl is dissolved in 5.00 L of solution (solution density ≈ 1 g/mL)
A. 5%
B. 0.2%
C. 0.5%
D. 50%
E. 3%
7. Water can be decomposed to produce hydrogen and oxygen gases. 2H2O → 2H2 + O2 What volume (L) of hydrogen can be collected from the decomposition of 54 grams of water?
A. 6.0
B. 44.8
C. 67.2
D. 22.4
E. 11.2
8. Which of the following would have the largest atomic radii?
A. Cl
B. At
C. Br
D. I
E. F
9. The correct name for the compound Сr2(SO4)3 is:
A. Chromium (II) sulfide
B. Chromium (II) sulfate
C. Chromium (II) sulfite
D. Chromium (III) sulfate
E. Chromium (III) sulfite
10. Indicate the reactions which run with the change of oxidation number of elements:
A. 4Fe + 3O2 → 2Fe2O3
B. Zn + 2HCl→ ZnCl2+ H2
C. 2H2S + 3O2 → 2SO2 + 2H2O
D. CO2 + H2O → H2CO3
E. 2H2 + O2 → 2H2O
11. Methanol, CH3OH, is the simplest:
A. fatty acid
B. amino acid
C. carboxylic acid
D. alcohol
E. aldehyde
12. The general formula shown below is for a(n): R-OH
A. alkane
B. carboxylic acid
C. alcohol
D. amine
E. aldehyde

13. A compound with a composition of 87.5 % N and 12.5 % H was recently discovered. What is the empirical formula for this compound?
A. NH2
B. N2H3
C. NH
D. N2H2
E. N2H
14. What is the name of C2H4?
A. ethylene
B. ethane
C. ethanal
D. ethyne
E. ethanol
15. Which of the following combinations of names and formulas are incorrect?
A. CH3CH2COOH – Propionic acid
B. C2H2 – Acetylene
C. CH3COOH – Carbonic acid
D. CH2Cl-CH2-CH2-CH3 – 1-chlorobutane
E. C3H6 – ethane
16. The mixture of ethane and ethylene with volume of 200 ml decolorized 25 g of bromine water. The mass percentage of bromine in water is 3.2%. Calculate the volume percentage of ethylene in the mixture:
A. 40 %
B. 65 %
C. 56 %
D. 36 %
E. 25 %
17. Hydroxyl functional group is:
A.-OH
B.–COOH
C.–NH2
D.–NO2
E.–COH
18. Which statements are true?
A. Benzene is an acyclic compound.
B. Benzene molecule is composed of 6 carbon atoms joined in a ring.
C. The most common reactions of benzene involve substitution of a proton by other groups.
D. The compound with the formula C6H12 is benzene.
E. Benzene is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
19. Which of the following substances interact with KOH:
A. C6H6
B. CH3COOH
C. C2H6
D. C6H5OH
E. C2H5Br
20. Heptane is an alkane with:
A. 9 carbon atoms
B. 8 carbon atoms
C. 7 carbon atoms
D. 6 carbon atoms
E. 5 carbon atoms


“Nicolae Testemitanu” State University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Requirements for the English language examination


1. Noun (number, possessive case)
2. Article
3. Adjective (degrees of comparison)
4. Adverb
5. Pronoun
6. Tenses
7. Passive voice
8. Conditionals and Subjunctive Mood
9. Word order
10. Questions

Examples of tests. English
Choose the right answer/ variant:
1. We ……… a lovely three weeks in the south of Spain last year. A. took
B. did
C. passed
D. spent
E. made
2. I am sure I would have regretted it if I ……… to take the job. A. would agree B. did agree C. had agreed
D. would have agreed
E. agreed
3. Suzie and John are planning to get married and ……… a lot of children. A. have B. bring C. get
D. make
E. do
4. It’s a great place to live apart from the increasing volume of ……… that passes under my window every day. A. traffic B. transport C. vehicles
D. circulation
E. cars

Read the text and answer the question below:
Ancient Olympic Games The Ancient Olympic Games were held in Greece. It is believed that Heracles was the initiator of the games in honor of the Gods, especially Zeus. The legend says that it was Heracles who first called the Games "Olympic" and established the custom of holding them every four years. The games were a series of competitions held between representatives of several city-states and kingdoms in Ancient Greece. These games featured mainly athletic but also combat and chariot racing events. During the games, all conflicts among the participating city-states were postponed until the games were finished. The Olympic Games reached their zenith in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, but then gradually declined in importance as the Romans gained power and influence in Greece. While there is no scholarly consensus as to when the Games officially ended, the most commonly held date is 393 AD, when the emperor Theodosius I decreed that all pagan cults and practices be eliminated. Another date commonly cited is 426 AD, when his successor, Theodosius II, ordered the destruction of all Greek temples. After the demise of the Olympics, they were not held again until the late 19th century.
The Olympic Games were held again in:
A. the 5th century BC
B. the late 19th century
C. the year 393 AD
D. the year 426 AD
E. the 6th century


“Nicolae Testemitanu” State University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Syllabus for entrance examination. Human biology


Biology is the natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. Biology is a vast subject containing many subdivisions, topics, and theories. Five unifying principles form the fundamental axioms of modern biology: cell theory, evolution, gene theory, energy, and homeostasis.
These fields of human biology are further divided based on the scale at which the organisms are studied and the methods used to study them: human anatomy analyses the morphology of organs, organ systems and of the entire body; biochemistry examines the rudimentary chemistry of life; molecular biology studies the complex interactions of systems of biological molecules, the molecular organization of the cell; genetics analyses the main mechanism, the morphological substrate and the methods used to examine heredity and variability of genetic information; physiology examines the physical and chemical functions of the tissues, organs, and organ systems of an organism; human ontogenesis evaluates the steps of human beings development, from the zygote formation until death.
The main aim of the curricula:
To give the candidates the opportunity to understand the requirements which are necessary for passing the admission examination on Human Biology and successful study of medical topics.
Part I. Nervous system. Sense organs
1. Nervous system structure. Central nervous system, peripheral nervous system – morphological components.
2. Basic functions of the nervous system. Reflexes – formation, structural elements.
3. Principles of nervous impulse formation (receptors – types, location), transmission (afferent/efferent pathways - types, location), and processing (cortical centers of analysis).
4. Superior functions of the nervous system (memory, speech): processing centers location.
5. Sense organs. Location, structure, functions.
Part II. Cardiovascular system
1. Heart, blood vessels, lymphatic system structure.
2. Cardiovascular and lymphatic system main functions.
3. Blood clotting: steps, required blood and humoral elements.
4. Blood cells structure and functions.
5. The influence of the autonomic nervous system on the cardiovascular system.
Part III. Internal organs, endocrine system, metabolism
1. Endocrine system. Main endocrine glands (examples, functions). Exocrine glands (examples, functions).
2. Respiratory system. Structural components, functions, inspiration/expiration mechanisms.
3. Digestive system (mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines) - structure, functions.
4. Reproductive system. Female reproductive organs – ovaries, oviducts, uterus, vagina and mammary glands. Male reproductive organs – testes, seminal vesicles and penis. Structure, main functions.
5. Energy metabolism (pathways, main processes).


Part IV. Locomotor system

1. Skeletal system. Characteristics of human skeleton. Main human bones and junctions of the cranium, trunk, superior and inferior members.
2. Muscular system. Types of muscles. Main human muscles of the cranium, trunk, superior and inferior members.
Part V. Molecular biology
1. Molecular organization of the cell. Monomers and polymers. Main macromolecules of the cell: proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, carbohydrates – structure, functions.
2. Cell organization. Plasma membrane – structure, functions. Cytoplasm – molecular organization, functions. Cell organelles (Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgy apparatus, lysosomes, mitochondria, cell center, cytoskeleton) – structure, functions, classification. Nucleus – structure and functions.
3. Expression of genetic information – steps, responsible molecules.
Part VI. Mitosis. Meiosis
1. Cell division. Mitosis – stages, biological importance, responsible macromolecules.
2. Meiosis – stages, biological importance, responsible macromolecules.
Part VII. Ontogenesis
1. Human ontogenesis. Definition, steps, main events.
2. Gametogenesis. Peculiarities of gametogenesis in men and women.
Part VIII. Human genetics
1 Basic genetics. Heredity and variability. Genetic apparatus of the human cell. Human karyotype.
2 Genes. Structure and function of genes. Interaction between genes (allelic, non-allelic).
3 Combinative variability. Mutational variability.

Samples of tests. Human biology
1. A1. The ascending pathways of the spinal cord are represented by:
a) axons of neurons;
b) dendrites of neurons;
c) posterior roots;
d) anterior roots;
e) interneurons.
2. A1. How many pairs of cranio-cerebral nerves emerge from the brainstem?
a) 15;
b) 10;
c) 12;
d) 8;
e) 14.
3. A1. What blood vessel starts from the right ventricle?
a) pulmonary artery;
b) pulmonary veins;
c) aorta;
d) inferior vena cava;
e) superior vena cava.
4. A1. Select the endocrine glands:
a) salivary glands;
b) liver;
c) gastric glands;
d) sweat glands;
e) thyroid gland.
5. A1. Choose the trunk muscles:
a) neck muscles;
b) shoulder muscles;
c) femur muscles;
d) leg muscles;
e) abdomen muscles.
6. A1. Choose nucleic acids monomers:
a) nitrogenous bases;
b) nucleosides;
c) nucleotides;
d) triples;
e) amino-acids.
7. A1. Select the transcription description in eukaryotes:
a) synthesis of the polypeptide;
b) copying of genetic material;
c) starts at any place of the DNA molecule;
d) takes place in the cytoplasm;
e) occurs on both DNA strands.

8. A1. The processes that ensure genetic variability in meiosis occur during:
a) prophase I and anaphase I;
b) prophase I and prophase II;
c) telophase I and telophase II;
d) metaphase I and metaphase II;
e) meiosis II.
9. A1. Select the ontogenesis definition:
a) population development;
b) historical development of species;
c) development of each individual;
d) complete process of embryonic material movement with the formation of two - three embryonic layers;
e) complete cycle of individual development based on the genetic material realization.
10. A1. Choose the heredity definition:
a) basic property of living being which ensure the evolution;
b) represents the genetic structure of organisms which explains the similarities and differences between parents and children;
c) property of organisms that determines similarity between parents and children;
d) the ability of organisms to transmit morphological, physiological, and biochemical traits, from parents to offsprings;
e) property of organisms to differ one from each other.
11. A2. Tactile receptors are located in the:
a) arteries;
b) veins;
c) mucosa;
d) capillaries;
e) skin.
12. A2. The middle ear includes the following parts:
a) the eardrum;
b) the external auditory canal;
c) bony labyrinth;
d) auditory ossicles;
e) the cochlea.
13. A4. Select the cardiovascular system functions:
a) ensures the blood flow through vessels;
b) provides nutrients to the cells;
c) transports carbon dioxide to the cells;
d) carries oxygen to the cells;
e) transports metabolism waste from the cells.
14. A3. Select the endocrine glands:
a) thyroid gland;
b) sweat glands;
c) thymus;
d) sebaceous glands;
e) adrenal glands.
15. A2. What bones form the pelvic girdle?
a) bone pelvis;
b) femur;
c) leg bones;
d) clavicle;
e) sacrum.
16. A3. Choose the proteins characteristics:
a) are biopolymers;
b) amino-acids are their monomers;
c) are macromolecules of globular and fibrillar shape;
d) are carriers of the genetic information;
e) nucleic acids are their monomers.
17. A3. Translation represents the:
a) synthesis of the polypeptide;
b) process of digestion in the lysosomes;
c) process of gene activation;
d) process of decoding the genetic information;
e) process realized with tRNA use.
18. A4. Determine what processes occur during the prophase of the first meiotic division:
a) chromosomes condensation;
b) conjugation of chromosomes;
c) assembling of homologous chromosomes pairs;
d) crossing-over;
e) movement of sister chromatids to the opposite ends of the cell.
19. A3. Select the embryo layers:
a) blastoderm;
b) ectoderm;
c) nerve plaque;
d) endoderm;
e) mesoderm.
20. A4. Choose the variability characteristics:
a) property to change the traits;
b) opposite to heredity property;
c) represents the driving force of evolution;
d) is realized by equal separation of chromosomes during mitosis;
e) is source of organisms diversity.